Blinking Lights! What is a Flasher Unit?

Tuesday, 5 March 2013  | 

flasher popple unit  Many modern day indicator and hazard flasher units available on the market today can trigger a flashing circuit by pulse switching, old style flasher units (like the tin can type shown) work differently and contain a bimetallic strip. A bimetallic strip is made up of two different conductive metals riveted, welded or brazed together, so that when a current is passed through it (indicator light on), the two metals expand and contract at a different rate, the lower plate that expands the most creates a curling or bend in the strip that breaks the connection and allows a circuit to switch off (indicator light off), these type of strips are reliably timed when the correct current flow through the indicator lights is available. When a circuit is broken by the expansion bending of the bi-metallic strip, the current passing through the curled metal plate dissipates, causing the metals to contract back into place and the circuit to switch back on, which is displayed by the lamp switching 'on and off' or blinking, the process is repeated until the switch that instigated the circuit is switched off.

bimetallic strip function
  Often the cause of slowed down flashing or rapid flashing is the value of the current required to heat up and expand the metals, if you're a standard domestic motorist and your indicator flashing speed becomes erratic or slow, recommendation is get your vehicle checked out by the professionals. Causes can range from bulb failure (visually obvious or connection), cable problems (continuity), earth or ground joints and in the case of additional trailer lighting changing the characteristics of the circuit. One of the most common faults in 2013 occur when LED light bulbs (requiring less current) are replaced in the flasher circuit.

Typical flasher set-ups can be understood using this format:
4 (lamps) x 21w (bulbs) + 5w (dashboard warning lamp)
2-4 (2 to a maximum of 4 lamps) x 21w (bulbs) + 5w (dashboard warning lamp)
Worthwhile to note: When the load on a bi-metallic strip becomes too great, the strip can distort or disintegrate and the flasher unit fails. 

Available flasher units in the Arc Components Limited range:
12V Flasher Units
24V Flasher Units

This blog post was created: 25th March 2013 and closed for comment 25th July 2015.